Chemical Analysis

Although the work function of an element is not unique nevertheless the Kelvin Probe does have possibilities in chemical analysis. The figure to the right shows a Scanning Kelvin Probe image of a polycrystalline aluminium sample upon which a very thin layer (few nm thick) of gold has been applied, except in the region of the 'Al' mask. The gold layer is invisible to the naked eye, however the aluminium-gold interface is clearly visible as the work function difference between these two metals is approximately 1 V.

Single Electron Transistor Device results scan
Kelvin Probe 50micron tip measuring a Single Electron Transistor Device
Scanning Kelvin Probe
UHV Kelvin Probe
Solar Panels
Scanning Kelvin Probe